From The Gilbreth Network Online:
The Quest, Volume 1, No. 4, Winter 1997-98

Compiled by David Ferguson

Newsletter of the Gilbreth Network

Vol. 1, No. 4 Winter 1997-98

 

In this issue:
A Look Back
A Rare Treat
Written Contributions
How Are We Doing?
A Gilbreth Summer
Trivia

[SUPPLEMENT] Dr. William Jaffee: A Perspective
[SUPPLEMENT} Gilbreth Network Active Members

 

Email David Ferguson, editor of The Quest, at dferg@metro.net

Vol. 1, No. 4 Winter 1997-98

 

A Look Back

It seems hard to believe that a year has elapsed since the formation of the Gilbreth Network. With this, the fourth edition of The Quest, we hope that everyone has had a tolerable 1997, with bright prospects for 1998.

The Gilbreth Network has slowly, but surely grown during this first year. We now have 14 Active members, 10 Contributing and 30 Associate members, as well as about 4 applications pending. The Quest is sent to 28 states and 4 countries. Note: New Active Member lists are being sent to Active and Contributing members this month.

We have been very fortunate in having the articles submitted by Mr. James S. Perkins and Nathan Spunt, a student at GMI (included with this edition). We wish to thank them for their time and interest in sharing this material with us.

We would further like to thank the generous financial assistance Ernestine G. Carey, Dan Gilbreth, Jack Gilbreth, Regina Greenwood, Jill Hough, Gerald Nadler, James Perkins, and Ichiro Ueno. We thank them for their confidence and support.

We can say, with confidence, that the Gilbreth Network is off to a good start

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A Rare Treat

The Quest is proud to issue its first supplement; a fascinating article by Dr. William Jaffe, a long-time friend of Lillian Gilbreth. Dr. Jaffe wanted to share some one-of-a-kind insights with Network members. For this, we thank him for making this considerable effort.

Written Contributions

Did you ever hope to get an article you wrote in a major publication? Well, we can guarantee that you might be published in our great newsletter (well, you have to start somewhere). All you have to do is send in an article.

The story doesn't have to be long or even of a scholarly bent. Stories of experiences you've had doing your research would certainly be of interest.

To reduce time of production, it is asked that your submissions be submitted in one of the following formats (listed in order of preference).

Send Submissions to:

David S. Ferguson
113 Kay Ct.
Cloverdale, CA 95425

E-Mail: dferg@metro.net

Phone: (707) 894-3854

Submissions for the next issue must be received by: March 1. 1998

••••••••••••••••••••••••

How Are We Doing?

The Quest is now completing its first year and we'd like to know what you think. Please send
us your comments as to:

  1. What you liked.
  2. What you didn't like.
  3. Or your ideas for stories or features.

We are also looking with someone with Web Page design experience.

A Gilbreth Summer

by Nathan Spunt

Two of my fondest memories of this past summer were on Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. My old friend Adam and I took our annual pilgrimage to the Vineyard after I had returned from a college semester at GMI Engineering & Management Institute, in Flint Michigan. It was the first semester in school in which I bad been exposed to the Gilbreth work, and I was impressed by how much it related to my own life. I study industrial engineering half the year and spend the other half working in the Saturn automobile factory, in Spring Hill, Tennessee. I was excited to learn more about the Gilbreths before returning to my plant. I found their quest for the one best way to be idealistic and wonderful. Their family life seemed exemplary and fun.

After the ferry landed in Vineyard Haven, Adam and I immediately went to the Bunches of Grapes bookstore. It was once a rather quaint bookstore, but since the Clintons patronized it, it has lost a bit of its charm. Nevertheless, it has always been our first destination on the island. I inquired of the clerk if she had any books about the Gilbreths. She replied, "Only Cheaper by the Dozen," but I had already read it. The clear was rather fond of Lillian Gilbreth and shortly spoke of her own interests in feminism. She recommended we try a used bookstore, so off we went.

Only after a few minutes of walking under the morning sun did we see our first ride. We threw our thumbs in the air and an enthusiastic nanny skidded to a stop. He quickly removed several layers of clothing from the passenger seat to make room for us. He was thirty minutes late for meeting his girlfriend, but that did not stop him from giving us a ride. We told him we were headed to Book Den East in hopes of finding an out-of-print copy of a Gilbreth book. He then exclaimed he was from Montclair, New Jersey, and knew all about the Gilbreth clan. He was ready to enjoy another one of his summers on the Vineyard and we wished the best to each other.

At Book Den East, a turn-of-the-century carriage barn, we found an old copy of Whales and Women, a history of Nantucket, which was once owned by an Australian Ambassador. We followed Frank Gilbreth's advice for the rest of the day and did the things we love, for that is what we are so desperately trying to save time for. After relaxing on several beaches and meeting some interesting characters while hitchhiking around, the day came to a peaceful end.

A few days later, I returned to Cape Cod with my mother, brother Ben, and long-time friend, Ray, to enjoy Independence Day in Orleans, Cape Cod. We set up our picnic blanket in front of the gazebo and still bad some time before the band began to play. Traipsing down Main Street, we strolled into the Yellow Umbrella bookstore. I was delighted to find a signed copy of Anchor Inn. We returned to our picnic blanket and savored the music and atmosphere.

Back at work I read the books of Frank Gilbreth, Jr., who carried on the spirit of his parents' philosophy. My admiration for the Gilbreths grew and I wished to find out more about this eccentric family. I flew home to Boston over Labor Day weekend and convinced my mother to go to Nantucket with me. We tried to get a room at the Anchor Inn, no longer owned by the Gilbreths, but unfortunately, it was full. We still visited the Inn and talked to the proprietor, Ann, who runs it with her husband. She shared some stories, and soon we were on our way. We met two old Nantucket locals who knew all about the Gilbreths and told us how to find their old summer home which is still in the family. We did find it and the two lighthouses brought a smile to my face. So many times I had passed the road, to our house, never knowing the wonderful stories that lie there.

Now, I am back at school and contemplating life. Thinking of the successes Frank and Lillian had in raising their children, working for the handicapped, and bringing the humanistic approach to management gives me inspiration to work smart and follow my own quest. Having the Gilbreths as role models makes life's obstacles look a little less daunting.

Editor's Note: Nathan Spunt, in his studies at GMI, is fortunate, in that one of his teachers is Regina Greenwood. She and her late husband, Ron, have done extensive research and writing about Scientific Management, Taylor and, of course, the Gilbreths. We can thank Mrs. Greenwood for at least part of Mr. Spunt's obvious enthusiasm.

Trivia

Did you know (according to Entisoft News on Internet) that Gilbreth is the 26,549th most popular surname in the U.S.? Also, there is the town of Gilbreth, Texas, in Wood County.

 

[END OF NEWSLETTER]

 

[5-PAGE NEWSLETTER SUPPLEMENT]

Dr. William Jaffe: A Perspective

The Quest: Supplement
Winter 1997-98

William J. Jaffe, ScD, PE

Emeritus Distinguished Professor

New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJlT)

Fellow: AAAS (Am. Assn. for Advancement of Science), ASME, IIE, SAM.

Honorary Member: Am. Mathematics Society

Retired in 1975


** Re: Who's Who in the World & Who's Who in America & Who's Who in Science and Engineering--Marquis. Who's Who in Engineering Societies, et alia.

 

LMG

Dr. Jaffe first met Dr. Gilbreth when he expanded his mathematical training into engineering; while a student at Columbia's School of Engineering. Here, he studied under Dr. Walter Rautanstrauch and Prof. William Stewart Ayars. Dr. Ayars' outlook changed after attending the famous Gilbreth Summer School in Rhode Island. [ed. note: Dr. Ayars attended the first Summer School and became a strong supporter of the Gilbreths].

After World War II, Dr. Jaffe's association with Dr. Gilbreth became closer when he was a faculty member of the Newark College of Engineering (now part of NilT) and an officer in the Northern N.J. Chapter of SAM (at that time, the leading pulpit of Scientific Management. He was also involved in the Management Division of the ASME; home of many "pioneers" including Taylor, the Gilbreths, Gantt, Alford, et al, and contemporary "Streats."

SAM, originally formed by the combination of the Taylor Society and the Society of Industrial Engineers. Drs. Gilbreth and Jaffe were proud fellow members, even through the troublesome times after the American Institute of Industrial Engineering was formed; SAM later being taken over by the American Management Association.

Taylor

We must not forget that Taylor was not the prime model of courtesy and/or polish, and his association with the ASME was, to say the least, "stormy." An early President of the ASME, at the beginning of the 1900's, his Presidential Address, On the Art of Cutting Metals, was one of the most popular papers· ever; it was written for and to be distributed by the ASME.  Nevertheless, as noted below, he created a furor with another paper (Principles of Scientific Management). Taylor, impatient when the Papers Committee took its time in releasing it, withdrew the paper, underwrote the publication and distribution costs, and sent a copy to every ASME member.

Chiefly among Taylor's associates: Morris Cooke, chief defender; Carl Barth, Taylor's mathematician; Harlow Peifson, Taylor's every-ready publicist, who assumed, under Taylor's name, almost every book or work in his field or a related field, as part of Taylor's property.

Taylor's associates had the fanatical zeal of a "cult." These persons were, in many instances, as interested in the glamour and reflected glory - as the rewards of the association, which soon took the popular name of "efficiency engineers." Too often, they pursued their objectives armed with a stop watch, an unorganized study of motion, a disregard of workplace standards and a total disregard for the sensitivity of the human subject. [           ] Taylor's associates, followers, and affiliates far too often reveled in association with him; happy to be in his shadow and eager always, to defend him. Although Taylor was fond of saying that scientific management could not be ascribed to any single man, he was quick to assume the motion study aspect of his time study. This failure to differentiate between motion study and time study resulted in the righteous chagrin of the Gilbreths'. Really, in his mind, so potent was his "discovery" that he just assumed "motion study came with the territory."

However, we must recognize what he actually sought. And despite his brashness, no one ever stated the problem so "eloquently": We know what a horse power is, but what is manpower? We know so much about horses and so little about people. All Taylor wanted to know was what is a fair days work?"

Since he was concerned with work and horsepower, he went to the physicist who defined work: W = F x D (Force {mass} times Distance--foot-pounds). [ed. note: Dr. Jaffe points out that there is much more to this simplistic approach--today, it is more common to measure work in Newtons — mass times acceleration] This frustrated him, because he soon realized that one could carry (say) an ounce or even a pound object in one's pocket all day, and walk miles without getting tired. A mother carrying a 10 pound baby. (In my old Physics classes I used to use a more sensual example, such as the current movie star and a vigorous young man).

Unfortunately, Taylor was not familiar with more literary works like those of Sir James Barrie, author of Peter Pan, who defined "work" as "what you're doing when you'd rather be doing something else."

So where did Taylor go? To Wentworth, America's most famous author of arithmetic, geometry, trigonometry books. Taylor knew Wentworth as his old Preparatory School Teacher. The rest of us, who went to school between 1916 and 1940, were familiar with the Wentworth mathematics books. At the end of every exercise, there always was a "time." Those ten problems "suggested" completion time was "5 minutes." Those ten problems "8 minutes," etc.

Speaking of myself, in my early school years, I never was greatly concerned with matching my time with the book's time. And I have not seen if my teacher did. She was more concerned with an answer which she obtained by rote, rather than by understanding. In adding fractions, I do not add numerator to numerator and denominator but in multiplying fractions. I do multiply numerators and do multipliers.

However, Taylor did have the opportunity of discovering the origin of this "standard." He remembered Wentworth would assign a problem to a class, ask the first student, on getting a correct answer, to snap his fingers. Then Wentworth would open his desk drawer, peer at something in the drawer, and right down the number. It did not take long for a curious Taylor to "discover" a stopwatch.

Dos Passos, in USA, always refers to him as "Speedy Taylor" and whom he depicts on his death bed, ALONE, winding his watch.


Wentworth would multiply the number, by some factor and get a standard which was neatly placed at the end of the problem. But where and how did Wentworth get the factor?

Dr. Jaffe Was asked by NNJ-SAM, to make a study of industrial walking times. This came when John L. Lewis, the famous U.M.W. leader, was demanding portal-to-portal pay. Dr. Jaffe made a statistical study of, industrial and non-industrial going-rates and found that frequently coal miners who walked underground, in the dark, on uneven terrain, were required to walk faster than employees (of a light bulb company) walking on smooth, illuminated floors. "I remember," he said, "discussing this with Phil Carroll who was a well known "time study consultant." "People should walk at the pace I set in my example" Carroll said. "But, Phil," Dr. Jaffe replied, "you are a tall person, with long legs. How can you expect short people to match your pace.?" His answer was simply "then they shouldn't be on the job."

Of course, this brought to mind the disregard — or maybe the contempt — Taylor displayed in his experiments with Schmidt in moving pig iron. He wrote that, in his experiments, he chose Schmidt because he was a type who must be directed to the "money he would make and away from what he would consider and impossible task."

Little wonder there was a break between Gantt, the great humanitarian. Little wonder when Justice Brandeis, brought up the fact that Emerson insisted "that the railroads were wasting $1,000,000 a day" and suggested the Taylor methods would prevent that, he was hesitant in using the term "Taylor's Methods." In a meeting in Gantt's apartment, with Frank B. Gilbreth present, they came up with a better name for the "remedy;" — "Scientific Management."

Dr. Jaffe says: "To quote LMG on Taylor to Col. Urwick: "Lyn, you don't understand — he was not a nice man." However, I have never heard Dr. Gilbreth ever use any words of anger about Taylor, and, I must emphasize, I worked with her closely for about twenty years, especially when we issued the 5th of the Decennial Reports (1950), begun by L.P. Alford for keeping the "Aegean Stables" clean. — resembling Hercules task.

However, there was one group Taylor definitely alienated: Labor. At a Memorial Meeting for Taylor at the old 39th St. Engineering Building, it was Frank B. Gilbreth, who insisted he was saddened that no representative of labor was present.

This attitude, of disregarding the human subject, resulted in the spectacle of a Congressional Investigation and a distrust by the public which troubled the ASME. To clear the air, the ASME chose a stalwart, "gentleman" (Dr. Gilbreth's term) to investigate scientific management-- L.P. Alford. The result was his famous report of 1910-1912 and an assignment of successive ten-year reports.

Even the colleges were slow in adopting many names, because they implied Taylor and Efficiency Experts. Thus, L.P. Alford became head of NYU's "Administrative" Engineering department, with David Porter (Motion and Time Study) and Charles Lytle (Wage Incentives) while Columbia and others used "Industrial Engineering."

One of Dr. Jaffe's major pieces of research-was his L.P. Alford: The Evolution of Modern Industrial Management, which should be consulted for its treatment of related subjects: The Ten Year Reports, The Taylor Controversy, the American Engineering Counsel, etc. (a copy should be in most university and big city libraries.)

Dr. Jaffe also worked with Col. Clarence Davies, ASME's longtime Director, (who worked with Gantt) and Professor David B. Porter (who drew the first Gantt Chart for Remington and who established, what Dr. Gilbreth called, "the first collegiate Motion Study Laboratory" at NYU, and where he earned his doctorate in 1953.

By the mid-fifties, ASME decided to mark the issue of the 5th of the 'Ten Year Reports' as part of a 50th Anniversary of Management. Dr. Gilbreth and Dr. Jaffe were chosen to write the leading paper for the 1956 report. This co-authored research was: "Management's Past—A Guide to its Future." Dr. Jaffe is especially pleased with this research for two reasons:

  1. It was a labor of pleasure and a highly publicized evidence of an association with Dr. Gilbreth.
  2. It was the only ASME paper--outside of the first Presidential Address--(1886), "The Engineer as Economist"--of Henry Towne, (ASME's first President) to be reprinted in Prof. Charles Merrick's ASME's 100th Anniversary Management Division History (1886-1980).

It had become a repository for Quality Control as well as Production Control, Inventory Control as well as Budgetary Costs, Work Place Design as well as Plant Layout, etc. Thus, by the 1960's, the field of Industrial Engineering had expanded greatly. Yet, to too many, it was simply 'motion and time study' and "management." In fact these were considered briefly in a Glossary written for AIIE. The only other glossary had been prepared by "Mike" Maynard for his company and ASME. The two IE societies (ASMI and AIIE) asked SAM to join to issue a Standard (ANSI) Terminology of IE Terms.

The representatives: Dr. Jaffe (ASME), Prof. Delmar Karger (AIIE) of RPI, and Dr. Alex Rathe (SAM), retired, former President of AIIE. Dr. Rathe attended one organizational meeting, but SAM, which was experiencing financial difficulties soon withdrew. The IE terminology, however, went forth with Dr. Jaffe as Chairman and Prof. Karger as Vice-Chairman. Many distinguished persons were chosen to act as chairmen of approximately a dozen sub-committees ranging from Anthropometry to Management of Biomedical Engineering to Methods Engineering; From Production Engineering to Quality Control, Personnel, etc.

Under Dr. Jaffe, two editions were issued by ANSI. Further editions were issued by AIIE since ASME confronted by a monopoly suite, from the US, on another matter, dropped out, but many of its members and former members, served on subcommittees.

Dr. Jaffe, speaking for the two editions he supervised included a Short History of Industrial Engineering, in which Taylor's, Gilbreths' and Gantt's contributions were discussed.

An article which targeted the contributions of Taylor, Gilbreths' and Alford was written by Dr. Jaffe for the Centennial of the ASME in Mechanical Engineering for the Standards Division celebrating the occasion. Dr. Jaffe pointed out the use of the "One Best Way" as a "standard." He was especially enthralled by the Gilbreth concept because it was an "unceasing Quest" for the One Best Way; a "standard" that was expected to be replaced by a "better standard." Dr. Jaffe spent at least ten years on ANSI's Board of Standards Review and one of the most disturbing aspects was to explain, again and again, that a standard could, should and would be replaced by a better standard (this is in keeping with the Gilbreths' "Unceasing Quest for the One Best Way").

Dr. Jaffe on Kanigal

I hope you will allow me to comment on the new book on Taylor — without having read it. I have read a review by George Will, the "Baseball Expert," who seems to have found in Taylor, a crucified holy man worthy of being recognized as the Saint of Business and Conservatism. Perhaps this is a retort to the persons ("more left than right") who put Taylor in a mean role  —e.g. Charlie Chaplin ("Modem Times") and John Dos Passos ("USA"). However, Taylor, in his writings, actually divorces himself as the sole author of a System which was developed "by no single man — but a number of people." (see Taylor's Principles of Scientific Management which he withdrew from the ASME's Papers Committee and published himself.)

Dr. Gilbreth, On the Personal Side

As an addendum, Dr. Jaffe can relate many personal reminisces of many years with LMG. For a long time, it was almost ritual that she and Jane Callajhan, her secretary, came for lunch here in my home. The clock on the mantel would strike "one" and the door bell would ring! Her reason always was "there is only one thing worse than coming late: 'coming early."

I cannot remember the entire menu--but I always remember the dessert: Whether it was June or December--strawberries and ice cream, LMG's favorite. Alternately, every other month, it was her tiny studio apartment.

"Once she asked me how I usually got to Idlewild (now JFK) and, in an unguarded moment, I told her that, at my salary, in four figures, as a lowly 'faculty member, I use the 5-cent subway, and I once met her in the underground.

I've stood in many airports here and abroad, with Dr. Gilbreth, who would shake her head in disbelief at the many suitcases most people carried. She, had this one pocket book... and all needed items would appear from it.

She always appreciated my "Instructions for Travel: 1. Think of everything you'll need. 2. Write all items on two sheets of paper. 3. Throw one sheet away. 4. Put two suitcases on your bed. 5. Fill both suitcases. 6. Put one suitcase on the floor. 6. Leave the other on the bed. 7. Put on your had and coat. 8. Leave the suitcase on the floor. 9. Go!! Except for gifts she usually received, she never waited for her bags.

I often related my story of a hotel reservation at a PACIOS (Pan American CIOS) meeting in Mexico City. (Remember this was some 40 years ago when the best seller was "Europe on $5 per Day.) Knowing students who attended the University of Mexico, I was advised that I could get a room in a Spanish hotel across the street from the deluxe hotel, where the conference was held, for about $4, U.S. (I cannot remember whether in those days, the paso was 8 or 12 to the dollar). She asked my about my reservation and I told her my room was $4, but the hotel was small and Spanish-speaking. "Please get one for me." she told me "You know I don't like convention hotels, because once they know where I'm staying, I get no rest." Ashamed to get such a cheap room for such a dignified lady, I asked for a better room for her. "It's $5, Dr. Gilbreth." "I though you said $4" " You may have mine and I'll take yours."

I always enjoyed foreign conferences we attended together. She always got special treatment from limousine travel to early departure since she didn't like late meetings. As her unofficial guide, I also avoided late meetings and could enjoy some of the tourist sites. Unfortunately, I could not stay out too late, because I was due at the Coffee Shop at 7 am where I would pick up the letters she had written at 6 AM!

Dr. Jaffe specifically asked that, in addition to his work with Dr. Gilbreth and his writings on the Gilbreths, that the following personal message might be of interest:

I am grateful to be included "in" the Gilbreth Network and the listing of some of my writings of this esteemed association.

My personal association with Dr. Gilbreth was most important — not only from the relationship, but from the helpful philosophy she instilled, from the learning acquired, and from the contacts she created for me. However, as beneficial as these may be, I am still impressed by the love and devotion she displayed for her Frank. She was unhappy at the slightest (even unintentional)caricuture of him whether it came from a Hollywood actor or any slight by someone like Taylor. I could relate two instances. One a personal meeting with Col. Urwick. And the other, a duplication of the former, in a note of regret by Col. Urwick after the passing of LMG.

The meeting took place in Poynington, Col. Urwick's home in Australia. With us was LMG's and my friend, Sir Walter Scott (who decimalized the Australian money system from pounds, shillings, pence, to dollars and cents). Col. Urwick admitted his admiration for Taylor, but he recognized the unhappiness of the Gilbreths' with Taylor: "I know I never really got close to Dr. Gilbreth, whom I always recognized as a remarkable woman. Gilbreth was lucky to have had such a woman as a companion, as well as such able popularizers as the Gilbreth children to succeed and speak for him; but Taylor's contributions were great. Unfortunately, Taylor's wife was flighty and married over her head to an eccentric genius. They were childless and adopted two orphaned children, neither a high match to the Gilbreths'." Both Sir Walter and I answered with the same words which Urwick said LMG had made and which he repeated in his condolence letter on her death. "Lynn, you don't understand. He was not a nice man."

Further Reading

Dr. Jaffe, in his close association with Dr. Gilbreth, recommends for further reading, his two articles on the two "partners." The one was on Dr. Lillian M. Gilbreth: "The One Best Life at Eighty" — was written for her birthday and appeared in AIEE's Journal of Industrial Engineering (Apr-May 1962).

The other is Frank Bunker Gilbreth: "The Engineer Who Developed Motions Study as a Technique for Managers and Management" — as a Social Science with the human being as the ' fundamental unit. (Before publication, Dr. Jaffe submitted this article to LMG and has a letter from her, approving it.)

Both articles are reproduced in The Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference and Convention, hosted by the Metropolitan N.J. Chapter of AIIE, held in Atlantic City, May 17, 18, 19, 1962.

Dr. Jaffe strongly recommends an examination of the Proceedings of this, the Gilbreth Convention, because it also contains the following:

  1. "After Eighty: The Quest Continues" by Jane Callajhan (her long-time friend and secretary), who worked on the Heart Kitchen, at the Brooklyn Gas Company, with her.
  2. "Frank as a Teacher" by Dr. L.M. Gilbreth, one of the few written testimonials by LMG to her distinguished and beloved partner.
  3. "Dr. Lillian Gilbreth" by Anne Shaw (K.C.B., she was more than a student of the Gilbreths and an employee of Gilbreth, Inc. She lived with the Gilbreths in Montclair and brought the Gilbreth work to Britain. The Gilbreth "children" probably still remember her well.

Dr. Jaffe recommends his article on FBG because he compares the work of Gilbreth and Taylor. He feels he could not have strayed too far, because it was submitted to LMG who sent him a letter of approval.

Network members might also be interested because the Proceedings also contain an article on "Work Design" by Dr. Gerald Nadler (American University, St. Louis), a member of the Gilbreth Network.

Other readings:

William Gomberg, at Columbia — doctoral thesis (circa 1947)— which is still probably the best "anti-time study" work. Bill was ILGWU's (International Ladies' Garment Workers Union) advisor. Highly intelligent, the Union paid his tuition for his B.S., M.S. at NYU and Ph.D. at Columbia. (Nothing could claim a bigger audience at an NNJ-SAM meeting than a debate between Gomberg and Carroll — with Gomberg as the popular winner)

Works of Anne G. Shaw (BT, MA), Director of Anne Shaw Organization, Ltd.

John Dos Passos The Big Money, part of a historical trilogy. Has an excellent, partisan view of Frederick Taylor.

 

[END OF SUPPLEMENT]

 

[UPDATED TGNO DIRECTORY]

 

[PLEASE NOTE: I am reluctant to include addresses, phone numbers and email addresses from some 25 years ago, for reasons of privacy,. I have thus reduced this included directory, evidently a print-out from some address or database tool, to names and affliations.]

GILBRETH NETWORK
ACTIVE MEMBERS

As of December, 1997

This list is not to be used for any commercial purpose, nor purposes other than contacts for research.

Name: Elspeth Brown
Title: Phd. Candidate
Affiliation: Yale Univ.
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Interested in use of photography and film thru 1924. For dissertation.

Name: Mary Ann Buschka
Title: Grad. Student
Affiliation: Univ. of Delaware
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Lillian and Homemaking. Writing thesis.

Name: Dr. Patrick G. Dempsey
Title: Researcher
Affiliation: Liberty Mutual Research Center for Safety and Health
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Motion Study, fatigue, adapting work areas to humans—from current research. Writing article/book.

Name: Susan Englander
Title:
Affiliation: UCLA
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Lillian M. Gilbreth with  emphasis on psychology. Current research; writing thesis.

Name: David S. Ferguson
Title: CSP
Affiliation:
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Frank and Lillian thru 1924. Writing book.

Name: Rebecca Pry
Title: Communications & Development Coordinator
Affiliation: School of Industrial Engineering, Purdue
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Liaison between the Gilbreth Network and Purdue School of Industrial Engineering.

Name: Regina A. Greenwood
Title: Lecturer
Affiliation: GMI Engineering and Management Institute
Phase/Purpose of Interest: General interest in the Gilbreth& from current research and related to job—writing article/book.

Name: Laurel Graham
Title: Assist. Prof.
Affiliation: Dept. of Sociology, Univ. of So. Florida
Phase/Purpose of Interest: All, but especially Lillian's work in years 1924-35: extension of management principles into home, child care, department stores and consumer culture. Writing article/book.

Name: Jane Lancaster
Title:
Affiliation: Brown Univ.
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Life of Lillian Gilbreth. Working on college thesis, article/book.

Name: Yisrael Mayer
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Work with the disabled, Life of Frank and Lillian, Time + Motion Studies. Personal interest and past research.

Name: Gerald Nadler
Title: IBM Chair Emeritus in Eng. Mgmt.
Affiliation: Univ. of So. Calif.
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Management philosophy, work study and life of Lillian Gilbreth. Personal interest and past research.

Name: John L. Naman
Title:
Affiliation: Carnegie Mellon Univ.
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Life of Frank and Lillian. Writing article/book.

Name: Nathaniel L. Spunt
Title:
Affiliation:
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Family Life—from past research

Name: Randall J. Steger
Title: Principal
Affiliation: Systems Technology Group, Ltd.
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Life of Lillian Gilbreth and Frank Gilbreth. Writing article/book.

Name: James S. Perkins
Title:
Affiliation:
Phase/Purpose of Interest: All aspects.

Name: Lisa Zaken
Title: Dir. of Membership
Affiliation: Institute of Ind. Engineers
Phase/Purpose of Interest: Interested in all aspects.

[end of directory]


ORGANIZATIONS/CONTACTS

ASME
Diane Kaylor, ASME History and Heritage Staff Liaison
345 East 47th St. New York, NY 10017


Institute of Industrial Engineers
Lisa Zaken — see above

 

Allen Allnoch

 

Forsyth Alexander
Engineering and Management Press
IIE


Purdue
Rebecca Fry [IE Dept. Contact]


Ms. Katherine M. Markee
Special Collections
Purdue University Libraries
West Lafayette, IN 47907

[end listing]

 

[END ALL NEWSLETTER CONTENT]

— from the website The Gilbreth Network Online. Reformatted but unedited. All rights remain with the author and/or publisher.
It can be assumed that all physical and web addresses in this document are obsolete.